MCQ Human Health and Disease


HUMAN HEALTH AND DISEASE #1


1:   Vector insects are those which 

(1) spread diseases (2) Destory crops 

(3) Spoil soil         (4)  Act as Scavengers 

Answers (1) 

2: Which one of the following insects is regarded the greatest mechanical carrier of human disease? 

(1) Xenopsylla        (2) Musca 

3) Climac                  (4) Pediculus 

Answers  (2) 

3: Lysozyme is present in 

(1)  lysosomes    (2)  Iomasome 

(3)  Tears            (4) None of these 

Answers (3) 

4: The principle lines of defence in our body are 

(1) Two         (2)  Three 

(3) Four          (4) Many 

Answers  (2) 
 
5: Scientist who first discovered a virus is 

(1) Beijerinck       (2)  Loeffer 

(3) Ivanovsky      (4)  Froshch  

Answers  (3) 

6: Penicillin  was discovered by 

(1) Alexander Fleming 

(2) Paul Ehrlick 

(3) Robert Koch 

(4)  Salman Waksman 

Answers  (1) 

7: Louis Padteur is known for 

(1) View on biogenesis 

(2) Spontaneous generation 

(3)  Use and disuse of organs 

(4) Mode of sterilization  and germ theory of disease. 

Answers  (4) 

8: Fever which accompanies infection in strenghtens the body's natural defence mechanism by 

(1) Activating the Phagocytes 

(2) Killing microbes 

(3) Inhibiting growth of microbes 

(4) Both (1) and (3) 

Answers (4) 

9: Mast cells secrete

(1) Histamine    (2).Heparin 

(3) Serotonin   (4) All of these.

Answers (4) 

10: A fomite method of transmission of disease is through 

(1) Food     (2) Door  handles 

(3) Mosquitoes   (4) Soil 

Answers (2) 

11:Progens are 

(1)  Secreted  by Pathogens 

(2) Secrected by useful bacteria 

(3) Secreted by Plants 

(4) None of above.

Answers  (1) 

 12: Pathogens produce disease through 

(1) Tissue damage 

(2) Toxin production 

(3) Both (1) and (2) 

(4) Antigen Production. 

Answers (3) 

13:Inflammatory response is due to the release of 

(1) Phagocytes from blood capillaries 

(2) Histamine from damaged cells and  lymphocytes 

(3) Collection of pathogen at the site 

(4) Regeneration of cells to replace the damaged ones 

Answers (2) 

 14: A post mortom study often involves an analysis of liver. It is because to know the current picture about the individual regarding 

(1) Food taken     (2)  Mental state 

(3) Cause of illness  (4) Real age

Answers (1)  

15 : Which part in the body is known as police guard? 

(1) Tonsils      (2) Liver 

(3) Skin          (4) Leucocytes 

Answers (1) 

 16:  In persons  addicted  to alcohol, the liver gets damaged because  it 

(1) Has to detoxify the alcohol 

(2) Stores excess of glycogen 

(3) is over stimulated to secrete  more bile 

(4) Accumulates excess of fats. 

Answers  (1) 


17: The head quarter  of  World Health Organisation (WHO) is located at 

(1) New York        (2) Paris 

(3)  Geneva         (4) London 

Answers (3) 

 18: The germ  theory  of disease  was proposed by 

(1) Hippocrates    (2) Pasteur and Koch 

(3) Jenner            (4)  None 

Answers (2) 

19:  The relation between  disease and pathogen was clearly depicted by 

(1) Jenner        (2)   Garrod 

(3) Koch           (4) Pasteur 

Answers (3) 

20: Exception to Koch's  Postulates are  

(1) Viruses         (2) Fungi 

(3) Protozoans     (4)  Spirochaetes 

Answers (1) 

 21: Robert Koch, discovered the bacterium which caused 

(1) Cholera       (2) Typhoid 

(3) Tuberculosis    (4)  Plague 

Answers (3) 

22: Robert Koch was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine  in 1905. He named 

(1) Salmonella  typhi 

(2) Clostridium tetani 

(3) Displocococus Pneumoniae 

(4) Mycobacterium  tuberculosis. 

Answers (4) 

23: The term vaccine was introduced by 

(1) Jenner       (2) Koch 

(3) Pasteur      

(4) Jointly  by Koch and Pasteur.

Answers (1) 

 24: The process of vaccination was discovered by 

(1) Edward Jenner (1790) 

(2) Robert Koch (187) 

(3) Louis Pasteur (1879) 

(4) Von Behring  (1891) 

Answers (1) 

 25:  Edward Jenner infected a body first with cow pox and two months later he infected the boy with small pox. What was the name of the boy? 

(1) Wilson           (2) Robertson 

(3) James Phipps    (4)  Parker 

Answers (3) 

26: Small pox vaccine  was discovered  by 

(1) Edward  Jenner 

(2) Fleming 

(3) Both (1)  and  (2) 

(4) None of the above

Answers (1) 
 
27:  Vaccine for rabies was first produced  by 

(1) Edward Jenner      (2) Robert Koch 

(3) Louis Pasteur       (4) S.L. Miller 

Answers (3) 

28:  Vaccine  prepared by genetic engineering are safe to man because  they are 

(1) Least active form of virus 

(2)  Active form of virus 

(3) Coat Protein formed as antibody 

(4) All the above 

Answers (4) 

29: The most modern technique of vaccine preparation is 

(1) Extraction of antigens from  pathogens 

(2) Multiplication of antigens through DNA technique 

(3) Weakening of pathogen through chemical treatment 

(4  Attenuation  of pathogen through heat.

Answers (2) 

30: A disease spread through contact with soil is 

(1)  Tetanus       (2)  Rabies 

(3) Syphilis     (4)  Gonorrhoeae 

Answers (1) 

31: Third line of defence in the body is 

(1) HCI of gastric juice 

(2) Bile 

(3) Phagocytes 

(4) Anti bodies 

Answers  (4) 

32: Cell _ mediated immunity is provided by T_ lymphocytes  through 

(1) Killer cells      (2) Helper cells 

(3) Suppressor cells   (4) All of these  

Answers (4) 

 33: Helper  T Cells 

(1) Suppress the  total immune reaction 

(2) Attack other T cells 

(3) Attack and destroy  antigen 

(4) Stimulate antibody production by B_ cells. 

Answers (4) 

 34: Koch's  postulates are  not applicable to 

(1) Diphtheria        (2) Leprosy 

(3)  TB                     (4) Cholera 

Answers (2) 

35: In case of a second attack of the same antigen, antibodies are quickly produced  by specific lymphocytes called 

(1) B_ cells     (2) Memory cells 

(3) T_ cells     (4) Helper cells 

Answers (2) 
 
36:  T_ lymphocytes  undergo  early differentiation  

(1) Thyroid        (2) Testes 

(3) Tonsils         (4)   Thymus 

Answers (4) 

37:  B_ lymphocytes  are so named because they undergo _ early differentiation in 

(1)  blood 

(2) bone marrow 

(3) Bursal lymphoid tissues 

(4) All the above 

Answers (3) 

38: Anaphylactic shock is due to 

(1) Allergic  reaction 

(2)  Secretion of toxins 

(3) Secretion of histamines 

(4) All the above 

Answers (4) 

39:  Antihistamine relieves 

(1) Allergy         (2) Angina pectoris

(3) Nephritis     (4) Stroke 

Answers (1) 

40: Hay fever of vitamins 

(1) Viruses  

(2) Deficiency of vitamins 

(3) allergy 

(4) None of the above 

Answers (3) 

 41: Allergy is caused due to 

(1)  Inflammation  of upper respiratory  tract 

(2) Inhaling pollens 

(3) Introduction of foreign into the body

(4) Antigen_ antibody  reaction. 

Answers (4) 

42:  An antigen is a 

(1) Opposite to an antibody 

(2)  Residue of an antibody 

(3) Stimulus for antibody formation 

(4) Result of Antobody 

Answers (3) 


43:  An antibody is 

(1) Moleule that specifically  inactivates an antigen 

(2) WBC which invades bacteria 

(3) Secretion of mammalian  RBC

(4) Component of blood 

Answers (1) 

44:  A bottle  _ fed infant is deprived  of 

(1) Nutrients      (2) Maternal antibodies  

(3) Vitamins     (4) Minerals 

Answers (2) 

45: Passive  immunity  is acquired by a person on getting  an injection  of 

(1) Antigens    (2) Antibodies 

(3) Antibiotics    (3) Vitamin  B 

Answers (2) 

 46:  Antibodies are produced by 

(1) Lymphoblasts      (2) B_ Lymphocytes 

(3)  Plasma Cells       (4) Killer cells 

Answers (3) 

47:   The study of interaction of  antigens and antibodies in the blood  is called 

(1) Serology     (2) Haematology 

(3) Angiology   (4) Cryobiology 

Answers (1) 

48:  The antigen present in pathogen is 

(1) A specific protein  involved in metabolism 

(2)  Polysaccharide  synthesised  by it in the host.

(3) A specific protein or polysaccharide present on its coat

(4) Any of the two, A or B.

Answers (3) 

49:  The immunity obtained after the body has recovered  from a disease  is 
 
(1) Active immunity    (2) Passive  immunity   
(3)  Both                           (4) None 

Answers (1) 

50:  Active immunity is obtained  by 

(1) Antibodies 

(2) Weakened germs injection 

(3)injection 

(4) none 

Answers (2) 

51:  Cell medicated immunity is due to 

(1)  B_ Lymphocytes     (2) T_ lymphocytes 

(3) Both (1) & (2)         (4) Plasma cells.

Answers (2) 

 52 : Humoral or antibody_ mediated immunity is provided by 
(1) B_ lymphocytes     (2) T_ lymphocytes 

(3) Macrophages          (4) Lysozymes 

Answers (1) 
 
53: Immunity  acquired after infection of pathogens is called 
(1) Active immunity 

(2) Passive immunity 

(3) Natural immunity 

(4) Both (1) and (2) 

Answers (1) 

 54:  Anaphylactic shock is 

(1) Mild local reaction to an allergen 

(2) Devere local  reaction 

(3) Mild general reaction to an allergen 

(4) Severe reaction of the whole body.

Answers (4) 

 55: Interferon is  protein  that 

(1) inactivated a virus 

(2) Protects unattacked  cells from virus 

(3) Prevents viruses from taking over the cellular machinery 

(4) All the  above  

Answers (4) 

56:  Some times immune  system  of the body starts behaving against the ' own bdoy'or 'self'. This leads to  
(1) Autoimmune diseases 

(2) Bacterial diseases 

(3) Viral diseases 

(4) Hereditary diseases 

Answers (1) 

 57: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is 
(1) Acquired during life time 

(2) By birth 

(3) Acquired after two years of birth 

(4) None of the above 

Answers (2) 

 58:  Severe combined immunodeficiency ( SCID) results from the absence of 
(1) B_ cells                          (2)  T_ Cells 

(3) Both (1) and (2)           (4) Macrophages 

Answers (3) 

59: AIDS is caused  by a virus called 
(1) Variola virus 

(2) Polio virus 

(3)  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 

(4) None of the above 

Answers (3) 


60: Which of the following  is not a virus disease? 
(1) Mumps         (2) AIDS 

(3) Typhoid      (4) Trachoma 

Answers (3) 

61: AIDS virus may spread all over India due to 

(1) No control on blood donors 

(2) No control on blood  banks 

(3) Drug abuse  is on the increase 

(4) All the above 

Answers (2) 

62:  AIDS from India was reported in 

(1) 1987       (2) 1986        (3) 1990         (4)1989

 Answers (2) 

63: AIDS was first  recognised  in USA in 

(1) 1981      (2) 1971     (3)  1984       (4) 1989

Answers (1) 

64: The AIDS virus possesses 

(1) single _ stranded  DNA 

(2) Double _ stranded DNA

(3) Single  _ stranded RNA 

(4) Double _ stranded RNA 

Answers (3) 

65:  ARC (AIDS_  related complex ) is 

(1) severe form of AIDS 

(2) Mild form of AIDS 

(3) Fatal from of AIDS 

(4) None of  the  above 

Answers (2) 

66: World AIDS Day is celebrated on 

(1) 30th January   (2) 7th  April 

(3) 29th August    (4) Ist  December 

Answers (4) 

67:  No vaccine is available  to  prevent 

(1) Polio      (2)  Tuberculosis 

(3) AIDS       (4) Tetanus 

Answers (3) 

68:  Who was the discoverer of HIV,  the causative agent of AIDS? 

(1) Luc Montagnier     (2) Gottlieb 

(3) Carleton Gajdusek  (4) Max Delbruck 

Answers (1) 

69:  When an organ is transplanted and is rejected by the body, the lymphocytes are produced by 

(1) T_ cells           .  (2)  B_ cells 

(3) Neutrophils     (4) None 

Answers (1) 

70:  The world's  first organ transplant  was of 

(1) Kidney        (2)  liver 

(3) Heart            (4)  lung 

Answers  (1) 

71:  Antiserum has 

(1) Antigen           (2)    Antibody 

(3) White blood  corpuscles 

(4) Red blood corpuscles 

Answers (2) 


72: Which  one is correctly matched ? 

(1) Oncogenes  _ Ageing 

(2) Initiation  factors __ Amino acid activation 

(3)  Replication  fork__ mRNA

(4) AIDS  virus __ Reverse transcriptase 

Answers (4) 


73: A kind of allergy is 

(1)  Asthma     (2)  Yellow eyes 

(3) Mumps     (4) Typhoid 

Answers (1) 


74:  AIDS is due to 

(1) reduction in number of helper T_ cells 

(2)  reduction   in number of killer T _ cells 

(3) Autoimmunity 

(4) Non production of interferons 

Answers (1) 


75: Chemically an antibody is 

(1) Protein         (2) Lipoprotein 

(3) lipid              (4)  nucleoprotein 

Answers (1) 

76:  Cornea  transplantation has become common due to 

(1)   easy  preservation 

(2) easy transplantation 

(3) easy availability 

(4) that it does not  involve  immune system due to absence of blood supply 

Answers  (4) 


 77: Which is introduced during small pox vaccination ? 

(1)  Antibodies         (2) Leucocytes 

(3) Antibiotics            (4) Attenuated virus


Answers (4) 

78: Type of immunoglobulin present in colostrum is 

(1) IgA     (2) IgG    (3) IgD     (4)  IgE  


Answers (1) 

79 :  James Phipps and Ali Marvow are related  to viral disease that has disappeared 

(1)  Cow pox          (2)   Small  pox 

(3) Chicken  pox   (4)  Tuberculosis 

Answers (2) 

80:  A disease transferred from  mother to child through  placenta  is 

(1) German measles        (2) Syphilis 

(3) AIDS                            (4)  All of these 

Answers  (4) 

81: Which one of  the following sets represents infectious diseases communicated by contaminated water and food? 

(1) Typhoid and tuberculosis 

(2)  typhoid and cholera 

(3) Tuberculosis and measles 

(4) Measles and rabies 

Answers (2) 

82 : Widal test is used for susceptibility of 

(1) Malaria            (2)  Cholera

(3) Yellow fever        (4)  Typhoid 

Answers (4) 

83:  Which  structure  is directly affected in typhoid fever ? 

(1)  Tongue                  (2) Stomach 

(3)  Peyer's Patches      (4)  Rectum 

Answers (3) 


84: First DTP dose be given when the baby is 

(1) 6 weeks old     (2) 14  weeks  old 

(3)  9 months old   (4)  2__5 years old. 


Answers (1) 

85:  A disease characterised by oozing of semi_ solid  material in throat forming  a tough membrane is 

(1)  Whooping  cough 

(2) Diphtheria 

(3) Pulmonary tuberculosis 

(4) Measles 

Answers (2) 

86: DTP or triple vaccine provides immunity against 

(1) Venereal diseases (VD) 

(2)  Diarrhoeal diseases 

(3) Diphtheria, whooping cough  and tetanus 

(4) Dysentery,  plague and tuberculosis. 

Answers (3) 

 87:  Symptoms of diphtheria is 

(1) Suffocation due to blockage of air passage 

(2) Hydrophobia 

(3) Severe coughing 

(4)  Gum bleeding .

Answers (1) 

88: A  disease occurring in the form of sudden attack of loud crowding  inspiration in children is 

(1) Whoopi cough    (2) Diptheria 

(3) Tuberculosis      (4) Pneumonia 

Answers  (1) 


89: Whooping  cough is caused by 

(1) Bordetella pertussis 

(2) Clostridium  tetani 

(3) Treponema pallidum 

(4)  Mycobacterium  laprae

Answers (1) 

90: ATS inoculation  soon after injury bringing contact with solid objects gives protection against  the possible attack of 

(1)1Tetanus     (2) Tyhoid 

(3) Poliomyelitis  (4) Mumps 

Answers (1) 
 

91: A disease contracted  through  wounds, accident and improperly sterilised  surgical instruments is 

(1) Tetanus                  (2)  Gonorrhoea 

(3) Mumps                         (4) Amoebiasis 


Answers (1) 

92: Muscular  rigidity and painful  muscular spasms are the symptoms of 

(1) Syphilis             (2)  Tetanus 

(3) Arthritis             (4)  Leprosy 

Answers (2) 

93: Just as Culex is  to Elephantiasis  ( filariasis), so is  

(1) Entamoeba   to dysentery 

(2) Rattflea to  bubonic  plague 

(3) Sandfly to sleeping  sickness 

(4) Pork to tapeworm.

Answers (2) 

94: Plague is caused by 

(1) Pasteurella pestis 

(2) Mycobacterium diphtheriae 

(3) Clostridium  (4) None of these. 

Answers (1) 

 95: The symptoms of plague are 

(1) Diarrhoea and vomiting 

(2)  Pain  in legs  and headaches 

(3) Difficulty in breathing and high B.P.

(4) High fever and bubo in  the groin  or the arm pit.

Answers (4) 

96:  BCG ( Bacillus Calmetta Guerin ) is a vaccine meant for protection   against 

(1) Mumps                  (2) Tuberculosis 

(3)  Poliomyelitis     (4) Tetanus 

Answers (2) 

97: A  bacterial disease produced by droplet infection is 

(1) Cholera               (2) Bacterial diarrhoea 

(3)   Leprosy               (4) Tuberculosis 

Answers (4) 

98:  Different species of Mycobacterium cause 

(1) Syphilis and diphtheria 

(2)  Whooping cough and leprosy 

(3) Tuberculosis and leprosy 

(4)  Syphilis and  gonorrhea. 


Answers (3) 

99 :  Micro _ organisms commonly causing diarrhoeal diseases are 

(1)  Escherichia coli, Shigella species, Campylobacter and Bacillus pertussis 

(2)  Clostridium tetani, Giardia, Entamoeba histoloytica, Salmonella, Shigella and Escherichia coli 

(3)  Escherichia coli, Giardia,  Shigella, Campylobacter and salmonella 

(4)  Neisseria, Treponema , Escherichia, Giardia, Shigella, Campylobacter and Salmonella 

Answers (3) 

100 : A disease producing  painless indicated
ulcer on the genital with swelling  of local lymph  gland is 

(1)  Leprosy       (2)  Gout 

(3) Syphilis         (4)  Gonorrhoea 

Answers (3) 

MCQ Science and technology #4






 












































































Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Proteins

Cytoplasm

Nucleic Acids