MCQ Human Health and Disease #3




 MCQ (Human Health And Disease) #3 

301 :  Deposition of cholesterol in the arteries causes 

(1)  angina pectoris     (2) arteriosclerosis 

(3) heart failure         (4)  none of these 

Answer (2) 

302:  Metastasis is 

(1) part of regeneration 

(2) transfer  of cancer cells from one part of the body  to another. 

(3) fast mitosis  in cancer cells 

(4) all of  the above 

Answer (2) 

303:  Highly infectious disease is 

(1) common cold          (2) malaria 

(3) Hepatitis   B           (4) AIDS 

Answer (1) 

304:  Ringworm infection is  due to 

(1) fungus               (2)  algae 

(3) antigens           (4) histamines 

Answer (1) 

305:  Rocky mountain fever is spread by 

(1) virus                 (2) fungi 

(3) algae                (4) tick 

Answer (4) 

306:  Yellow fever is transmitted by 

(1) female Culex     (2) female Anopheles 

(3) female Aedes    (4) housefly 

Answer (3) 

307: Which of the following pair of diseases is caused by virus?

(1) Typhoid and tetanus 

(2) AIDA and Syphilis 

(3)Rabies  and Mumps

(4)Cholera and tuberculosis 

Answer (3) 


308: Robert Koch's  Postulates to establish a microorganisms as pathogen were given after his work on 

(1) hydrophobia        (2)  anthrax 

(3) small pox             (4) diphtheria 

Answer (2) 

309: Barbiturates are used for 

(1) keeping awake 

(2)stimulating  nervous system 

(3) inducing  sleep 

(4) none of  these 

Answer (3)

310: Which of the following  insects is a vector for bubonic plague?

(1) Cimex           (2) Phlebotomus 

(3)Xenopsylla     (4) Rathus 

Answer (3) 

311: Hodgkin's  disease is the cancer of 

(1) bone marrow         (2) lymphoid tissue 

(3) mammary glands    (4) liver 

Answer (2) 

312: Mark the odd one out. 

(1) Innate immunity   

(2) Adaptive  immunity 

(3) Specific immunity 

(4) Acquired immunity 

Answer (1) 

313: ZIG vaccine is used against 

(1) Street virus                 (2) Chicken pox

(3)German measles        (4) Poliomyelitis 

Answer (2) 

314: Hybridoma is the name for 

(1) hybrid cell 

(2) monoclonal antibodies 

(3) hybrid individual  (4) any of these 

Answer (1) 

315: Which of the following type of vaccine are known as "Third Generation Vaccines "?
(1) Synthesized vaccines

(2) Those produced by Genetic Engineering 

(3) Prepared from the attenuated pathogens 

(4) None of the above 

Answer (1)

316:  Rubella virus causes 

(1) German measles    (2) Chicken pox 

(3) Mumps                  (4) Measles 

Answer (1) 

317: Salk and Sabin vaccine is caused for preventing 

(1) Plague        (2) Poliomyelitis 

(3) rabies         (4) a bacterial  disease 

Answer (2) 

 318: Just as Glossina palpalis is to Trypanosoma gambience, so is 

(1) Culex to Plasmodium falciparum 

(2)Taenia solium to Homo sapiens 

(3) Phlebotomus to Leishmania donovani 

(4)  Pediculus to Yersinia pestis 

Answer (3) 

 319: Which of the following is not the class of immunoglobulin?

(1) IgM      (2) IgB    (3) IgA    (4) IgG

Answer (2) 

320: The concept of passive immunity was discovered by 

(1) E. Jenner            (2) L. Pasteur 

(3) V. Behring         (4) J. Snow 

Answer (3)

321:  Psilocybin and Mescaline induce  

(1) Sleep                (2) Hallucinations 

(3) sedation          (4) pain 

Answer (2) 

322:  Mark the correct statement. 

(1) One  antigen binds with one antibody 

(2) Many antigens bind with one antibody 

(3) Many antibodies bind with one antigen. 

(4) Two antigens bind with one  antibody .

Answer (3) 



323:  How many of the following  are viral disease ___ Hydrophobin, Plague , AIDS, Dengue, Cancer, Pilio, Elephantiasis, Leprosy ,Yelllow Fever  and Syphilis 

(1) Three              (2) Four 

(3) Five                (4) More than five 

Answer (3) 

 
324:   Lathyrism which is caused by consumption of Khesri dal is a disease characterized by 

(1)  mental retardation, delay in the onset of puberty and cardiovascular abnormality 

(2) Skeletal deformation, stiffness and paralysis of legs .

(3) Reproductive failure, susceptibility to  diabetes and skeletal abnormality. 

(4) Retardation of body growth, precocious puberty and renal dysfunction. 

Answer (2) 

325: Hepatitis B vaccine  is produced from transgenic 

(1) E. coli                (2) Yeast 

(3) Human            (4) Sheep 

Answer (2) 

326: The activated lymphocytes that neither produce antibodies nor kill the infected cells develop into 

(1) B_ cells                 (2)  Plasma cells 

(3) Memory cells      (4) all of these 

Answer (3) 

 327:  The most abundant type of antibodies which can also cross placenta, are 

(1) Ig G       (2) IgM   (3) IgA   (4) IgE

Answer (1) 


328:  Memory cells are formed by 

(1) B_ cells                  (2) T_ cells 

(3) both of these        (4)  N K cells 

Answer (3) 

329:  The class of antibodies  which appear  first after the infection, is 

(1) Ig G     (2) Ig M   (3) Ig A   (4) Ig D

Answer (2) 

330:  Alcohol is metabolised by 

(1) hydrolysis                  (2)oxidation 

(3) reduction                   (4) conjugation 

Answer (2) 

331: The feeling of insects crawling on skin formication, is seen in 

(1) Transvers myelitis 

(2) Alcohol withdrawal 

(3) Schizophrenia 

(4) All of the above 

Answer (2) 

332:  Drug of choice in alcohol withdrawal is 

(1) Haloperidol            (2) Lithium 

(3) Benzodiazepine    (4) Chlordiazepoxide 

Answer (3) 

333:  Alcohol withdrawal is characterized by 

(1) Hallucinations        (2)  Delusion 

(3) Illusion                    (4) Phobia .

Answer(3) 

334: Vodka is much  used in 

(1) Japan                   (2) India 

(3) Russia                 (4)   England 

Answer (3) 

 335: The " hangover" in alcoholics is caused due to accumulation of large amounts of 

(1) Alcohol in brain 

(2) acetaldehyde in brain cells 

(3) formaldehyde in  body cells 

(4) hydrogen  cyanide in brain 

Answer (2) 

 336: A drug called " antabuse" blocks the metabolism of alcohol beyond 

(1) acetaldehyde stage 

(2) acetic acid formation 

(3) formaldehyde stage 

(4) it in fact, promotes the removal of acetaldehyde from the blood cells

Answer (1)

 337: Percentage of alcohol in beer is 

(1) 4.5          (2) 45        (3)  10   (4)  50  

Answer (1) 

 338:  The  natural home of tobacco is 

(1) North America    (2) South America 

(3) India                    (4) Indonesia 

Answer (2) 

339: Absorption of alcohol in our body is more rapid because 

(1) it has low mol. wt.

(2) it is fat soluble 

(3) it is water shouble 

(4) all the above  are correct 

Answer (4)

 340: The word tobacco 

(1) was used after the nake of  the  Scientist Tobacco 

(2) derives its name from  its native place 

(3) is derived from the word that is applied for the tube used by the Indians for inhaling the tobacco smoke.

(4) tobacco  smoke was used after the person who first used it for smoking. 

Answer (3) 

341: Percentage of Alcohol in champagne is 

(1)   12_ 16                 (2) 20__ 30 

(3) 30__ 35                 (4) 35_ 45 

Answer (1) 

342: Percentage of alcohol in whiskey is 

(1) 30                        (2) 20 

(3) 40_ 50                 (4) 70_ 80 

Answer (3)


343: Alcohol also reduces  blood sugar which is harmful to the functioning  of 

(1) Kidneys           (2) Pancreas 

(3) Lungs               (4) Brain 

Answer (4)

344: Chronic heavy drinking can produce  a longitudinal tear in the mucosa at the gastro intestinal junction. It is 

(1) Mallory's haline 

(2) Mallory _ Weiss syndrome 

(3) Wernicke's syndrome 

(4) Korsakoff's syndrome 


Answer (2) 

345:  Chronic alcoholism can produce 

(1) impotence       (2) infertility 

(3) deficiency  of ADH 

(4) all of these 

Answer (4) 

346: World  No Tobacco Day is 

(1) 8th May        (2) 31st May 

(3) 4th June    (4) 7th April 

Answer (2) 

347: Nicotiana belongs  to the family 

(1) Thecaceae                (2) Rubiaceae 

(3) Cannabinaceae      (4)  Solanaceae

Answer (1) 

348: Reverse smoking is common in the villages of 

(1) Uttar Pradesh 

(2) Andhra Pradesh 

(3) Arunachal Pradesh 

(4) Madhya Pradesh 

Answer (2)

349: Maximum alcohol percentage is found in 

(1) Rum              (2) Whisky 

(3) Brandy          (4) Gin 

Answer (3) 

350: The greater part of alcohol is metabolised to acetaldehyde in the 

(1) stomach           (2) lungs

(3)  liver               (4) kidneys 

Answer (3) 

351:  The main harmful effects of smoking are 

(1) respiratory diseases 

(2) gastrointestinal diseases 

(3) cardiovascular diseases 

(4) both (1)  & (3)

Answer (4) 

352: Alcohol  decreases 

(1) the activity of CNS 

(2) the secretion of ADH 

(3) the blood  sugar level

(4) all of the above 

Answer (4)

353:  One medicine, Dissulfiram, used in the treatment of alcoholics, is internationally marketed as 

(1) Nonhydrazine       (2) Antabus 

(3) Chlorpromazine   (4) Benzodiazepines 

Answer (2) 

354: Heavy smokers get quick infection of 

(1) Cholera               (2) TB

(3) Typhoid             (4) Pneumonia 

Answer (2)

355: Alcohol and valium cause 

(1) marked drowsiness 

(2) impaired  judgment 

(3) rapid increase insedative effect 

(4)  damage to gastric mucosa 

Answer (3)

356: Sake beverages is popular in 

(1) Korea            (2) Iran

(3) Japan            (4)  Germany  

Answer (3) 


357:  Central Tobacco Research Institute is situated at 

(1) Coimbatore        (2) Rajamundhary 

(3) Cuttack              (4) Cochin 

Answer (2)

358: Emphysema is a disease of 

(1) bronchi           (2) bronchioles 

(3) alveoli             (4) Trachea 


Answer (3) 

359: ' Smoking cigarettes  is pleasant  and relaxing'. As a citizen aware of the environmental pollution, how do you react to this statement?

(1) It is a wrong notion 

(2) There are substantial  evidence in support of  this statement 

(3) Relaxing effect after smoking  has been confirmed 

(4) Smoking is  known to effect our feeling of pleasure but it has no relaxing effect.

Answer (1) 

360: Smoke of cigarette contains gases as 

(1)   80%                      (2) 90% 

(3) 92_ 95%                 (4) 95__ 100%


Answer (3) 

361:  The most obnoxious  gas present in cigarette smoke is 

(1) CO2       (2) SO2    (3) O3   (4) CO

Answer (4) 
 
362:In pregnant women, cigarette smoking results in 

(1) non_ mortality of infants 

(2) delay of childbirth 

(3) preponement of child birth 

(4) spontaneous  abortions 

Answer (4) 


363:  The commercial  source of tobacco is 

(1) Erythroxylon coca 

(2) Nicotiana  tobacco 

(3) Tobacum nicotians 

(4) Rauwolifia   serpentine 

Answer (2)

364:  Wernick  and Korsakoff Syndromes are neurological syndromes found in 

(1) Chronic alcoholics   (2) Chronic smokers 

(3) nonalcoholics         (4) nonsmokers 

Answer (1)

365:  The main vitamin obtained from tobacco is 

(1) thiamine        (2) ascorbic  acid 

(3) niacin           (4) nicotine. 

Answer (3)

366: The gases of cigarette smoke contain 

(1) ammonia                   (2) acetaldehyde 

(3) hydrogen cyanide    (4)  all of these 

Answer (4) 

367: The brain of alcoholics is found to 

(1)  be highly enlarged 

(2) be hypertrophied

(3) be struck 

(4) all of these 

Answer (3) 

368: "AA " stands for 

(1) Abnormal  Action 

(2) Anomalous Behaviour 

(3) Alcoholics  Anonymous 

(4) Alcoholics Action 

Answer (3) 

369: Nicotine present in a cigar, if extracted and injected intra_ venously  would  prove to be 

(1) highly narcotic 

(2) fatal 

(3) Strongest sedative 

(4) stronger stimulant. 

Answer (2)

370:  The carcinogenic ingredient of Tobacco smoke is 

(1) Nicotine 

(2) N_ nitrosomethylene/ polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 

(3) Carbon monoxide 

(4) Tar

Answer (2)

371: Tobacco  smoking commonly produces 

(1) lip  cancer              (2) Lung cancer 

(3) blood cancer        (4)  cancer of pancreas 

Answer (2)

 372: Tobacco  chewing results in 

(1) Mouth cancer       (2) Lung cancer 

(3) Bone cancer        (4) Leukaemia 

Answer (1)

373:  Tobacco smoke  contains 

(1) Carbon  monoxide and polycyclic  aromatic compounds 

(2) Nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar 

(3) Nicotine, carbon monoxide, polycyclic aromatic compounds and tar

(4) Nicotine, polycyclic aromatic compounds and tar.

Answer (3)

374: Tunnel vision is caused by 

(1) Lack of vitamin A 

(2) Alcohol  

(3) Smoking 

(4) Barbiturates 

Answer (2)

375:  Tobacco  came to India from 

(1) America          (2) Europe  

(3)  Russia          (4) Japan 

Answer (2)

376: In drunken person, the part of brain to be affected  first is 

(1) Cerebellum                  (2) Pons varolli 

(3) Medulla   oblongata   (4)  Cerebrum  

Answer (4)

377: A factor responsible  for cirrhosis  of liver is 

(1) Vitamins        (2) fats and oils 

(3) alcoholism    (4) sugar 

Answer (3)

 378: Chronic alcoholics are always short of vitamin 

(1) B5    (2) C      (3) D    (4 ) E

Answer (2)

379: Use of Cannabis products results in 

(1) alternation in perception , thoughts and feelings 

(2)  depressed brain activity and feeling  of calmness 

(3) suppressed  brain function  and relief in  pain 

(4) Stimulation  of nervous   system, increased  alertness and activity 

Answer (1)

 380: Caffeine, amphetamines  and cocaine are 

(1) sedatives              (2) tranquillisers 

(3) Hallucinogens    (4)  stimulants 

Answer (4) 
 
381: AZT is used  in treatment of 

(1) Malaria           (2) AIDS 

(3) T.B.                   (4) Kala _ azar  

Answer (2)

382: Resistance against  disease is due to 

(1) immunoglobulin       (2) HLA proteins 

(3) Antigens                    (4) Histamine 

Answer (1)

 383:  HIV attacks 

(1) B_ lymphocytes    (2) antibodies 

(3)  T_ lymphocytes  (4) erythrocytes 


Answer (3)

384: Most common cancer in humans is 

(1) Melanoma       (2) lymphoma 

(3) Sarcoma          (4) carcinoma 

Answer (4)

 385:  Antibodies are formed by 

(1) Fibroblasts        (2) plasma cells 

(3) Histiocytes      (4) Mast cells 

Answer (2) 

386:  Short lived immunity obtained  by infants from mother  through  placenta and milk is 

(1) passive immunity 

(2) active immunity 

(3) cellular immunity 

(4) innate nonspecific immunity 

Answer (1)

387:  Which immunoglobulin is the largest in size ?

(1) IgA     (2) IgD     (3) IgE    (4) IgM

Answer (4)

 388:  Treatment of snake bite  by antivenine is 

(1) artificial  acquired active immunity 

(2) artificial acquired Passive immunity 

(3) natural acquired passive immunity 

(4) Special natural immunity. 

Answer (2)

389: A drug morphine is obtained  from 

(1) Curcuma longa 

(2) Rauwolfia   serpentina

(3) Papaver somniferum 

(4) Ferula asafoetida 

Answer (3)

 390: Brown sugar is 

(1) diacetyl  morphine hydrochloride 

(2) theophylline 

(3) lorazepam 

(4) methedrine 

Answer (4)
 
391: A Young drug  addict used to show symptoms of depressed  brain activity, feeling calmness, relaxation, drowsiness. Possibly he was taking 

(1)  Amphetamine      (2) Marijuana 

(3) Pethidine                (4) Valium 

Answer (4)


 392:  Antibodies are complex 

(1) glycoproteins     (2) lipoproteins 

(3) steroids               (4) prostaglandins 

Answer (1)

393:  Which one is carcinoma ?

(1) cancer of lymph gland .

(2) cancer of muscle. 

(3)  cancer  of blood  

(4) melanoma cancer of skin 

Answer (4)

394: Innate immunity is provided by 

(1) antibody        (2) neutrophils 

(3) B_ cells           (4)  T_ cells 

Answer (2)

395: Tobacco  was smoked by the Red Indians  in America. It spreaded to Europe in the early 

(1) 1200      (2) 1400    (3) 1600      (4) 1800 

Answer (3)

396:  Tobacco  addiction causes 

(1) chronic bronchitis 

(2) Emphysema 

(3) gastric and duodenal ulcers 

(4) all of the above 

Answer (4)

397: Addiction to tobacco is due to 

(1) nicotine 

(2) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 

(3) tar

(4) all of the above 

Answer (1)

398: Benzpyrene is present in 

(1) Tomato                 (2)  Potato 

(3) tobacco              (4) poppy 

Answer (3)

 399:  Emphysema is due to intake of 

(1) narcotics            (2) heroin 

(3) smoking              (4) opiates 

Answer (3)

400: Which components of toba smoke is carcinogenic?

(1) Nicotine          (2) Tar 

(3)  Carbon monoxide 

(4) Polycyclic  aromatic  hydrocarbons 

Answer (4) 

401 :  Alcohol is 

(1)Stimulant               (2)depressent 

(3) Both of these      (4)none of these 

Answer (2) 

402:  Major   groups of  psychotropic  (mood altering drugs ) drugs are 

(1) sedatives  and tranquilisers, opiate narcotics 

(2) opiate narcotics and stimulants 

(3) stimulants and hallucinogens 

(4) Sedatives and Tranquilisers, opiate narcotics, stimulants and hallucinogens 

Answer (4) 

403: ' Valium' is an example of 

(1) Benzodiazepines         (2) Barbiturates 

(3) stimulants                   (4) Hallucinogens 

Answer (1)

404:  Which of the following drugs constitute the sleeping pills?

(1) Barbiturates   (2) Opiate narcotics 

(3) Hallucinogens  (4) Stimulants 

Answer (1)

405:  Amphetamines  are central nervous stimulants. Barbiturates are 

(1) CNS stimulants 

(2) no effect no CNS 

(3)  Hallucinogenic 

(4) CNS depressants 

Answer (4)

406:  Alcohol and barbiturates  produce

(1) increased depressant effect

(2) decreased depressant  effect

(3) slow decreased depressant effect 

(4) no effect 

Answer (1)

407:  Withdrawal symptoms of heroin is 

(1) vomiting                 (2) diarrhoea 

(3) muscular cramps   (4) all of these 

Answer (3)

408:  Drugs which induce dreamy state of consciousness is 

(1) sedative            (2) stimulant 

(3) depressant         (4) Barbiturates 

(5) Hallucinogens 

Answer (5)

409: Antigen binding  site in an antibody is found between 

(1) two light chains 

(2) two heavy chains 

(3) one heavy and one light chain 

(4) either between two light chains or between one heavy and one light chain depending upon the nature of antigen 


Answer (3)

410:  Which of the following properties of acquired immunity is the basis of vaccination?

(1) Specificity      (2) Diversity 

(3) Memory  

(4) Discrimination between self an dnonself. 

Answer (3)

411 : Which of the following  is not a component of innate immunity?

(1) Antibodies      (2) interferons 

(3) Complement proteins  (4) Phagocytes 

Answer (1)

412:  Vaccination  of malaria is not possible  because 

(1) they produce antibodies and antitoxins.

(2) they do not produce antibodies and antitoxins

(3) antiboies  resistant to vaccines are produced 

(4) none  of the above 

Answer (2)

413: Drug causing  parkinsonism is 

(1) barbiturate          (2) phenothiazine 

(3) thiazide                  (4) sulphonamide 

Answer (2)

 414:  Teratogenicity is 

(1) intolerance  to drugs .

(2) the acute reaction to drugs .

(3) tumour forming action of the drugs 

(4) malformation of foetus 

Answer (4)


415:  Drug  which should be avoided in Ist trimester of pregnancy 

(1) insulin                 (2) phenytoin 

(3) tinidazole          (4) methyldopa 

Answer (3)

416:  Which is not true about insulin ?

(1) Can be given orally.

(2) Is a  polypeptide 

(3) Is extracted from pig pancreas. 

(4) Acts by increasing cellular uptake of glucose 

Answer (1)

417:  Which drug is called superman ? 

(1) Amphetamine     (2)  Heroin 

(3) Cocaine               (4) LSD

Answer (1)

418: A disease sometimes found in persons above 40 which is characterized by poor CNS Co_ ordination, forgetfulness and tremors of hands is 

(1) epilepsy  

(2) Alzheimer's disease 

(3) migraine       (4) Schizophremia       

Answer (2)

419: Short_ lived immunity acquired from mother to foetus across placent  or through mother  milk  to the infant is categorised as 

(1) active immunity 

(2) passive  immunity 

(3) cellular immunity 

(4) innate non_ specific immunity 

Answer (2)

420: Activities of the central nervous system are depressed by

(1) narcotics                 (2) alcohol 

(3) none of these       (4)  both of these 

Answer (4)

 421:  Which of the following is not caused by smoking?

(1) Lung cancer    (2) Emphysema 

(3) Pulmonary tuberculosis 

(4) Malaria 

Answer (4) 

422:  The critical gene called P 53  is mutated by 

(1) alcohol                     (2) tobacco smoking 

(3)both  (1) and (2)        (4)  neither (1) nor (2)

 Answer (2)

423:  Which of the following cells are involved in defence mechanism of the body?

(1) Lymphocytes      (2) Macrophages 

(3) Neutrophils         (4) All of these 

Answer (4)

424:  Interferons curb infection of 

(1) bacteria                 (2)  protozoans 

(3) spirochaetes         (4)  Viruses 

Answer (4)

425: The cells that actually release the antibodies are 

(1) helper T  __cells      (2) Cytotoxic T_ cells 

(3) plasma cells           (4) macrophages 

Answer (3)

426: Antigens are found 

(1)  in  cytoplasm       (2) in nucleus 

(3) on nuclear envelope 

(4)  on cell surface 

Answer (4)

427: The humoral immune system defends mostly against bacteria and viruses in 

(1) Body fluids         (2)  Digestive tract 

(3) Skin                    (4) Internal  organs 

Answer (1)

428: Which one depresses brain activity?

(1) Sedatives and Tranquilizers 

(2) Opiate narcotics 

(3) Both (1) and (2) 

(4) Hallucinogens 

Answer (3)

429:  Smoking leads to the hypersecretion of 

(1) thyroxine           (2) adrenaline 

(3)  histamine            (4) serotonin 

Answer (2)

430:   Cirrhosis is caused by taking 

(1) LSD                             (2) Alcohol 

(3) opium                      (4) heroin 

Answer (2)

431:  ' Fatty liver syndrome' is associated with 

(1) drug addiction         (2) smoking 

(3) alcoholism                  (4) all of these 

Answer (3)

432: " Alcohol provokes the desire but it takes away the performance" is a statement with reference to the effect of alcohol on sexual behaviour by

(1) Leo Tolstoy        (2) John Keats 

(3) William Shakespeare 

(4) George Barnard Shaw 

Answer (3) 

433:  Driving after drinking is not advised because  due to intoxication 

(1) Reaction time delays 

(2)  affects vision and behaviour 

(3) judgement and  co_ ordination disturb 

(4) all of these 

Answer (4) 

434:  In alcoholics, liver gets  damaged as it 

(1) secretes more bile 

(2) stores excess of glycogen 

(3) accumulates excess of fats 

(4) all of the above 

Answer (3)

435:  Mood altering drugs are 

(1) analgestic                 (2) antipyretic

(3) psychotropic           (4) all of these 

Answer (3)

436:  Sleeping pills are made from 

(1) Barbiturates     (2) amphetamines 

(3) Cocaine            (4)  LSD

Answer (1)


437:  Barbiturates are extensively used as

(1) antiseptics            (2) disinfectants 

(3) Sedatives             (4) stimulants 

Answer (3)

 438: An analgesic is a 

(1) pain causing drug 

(2) pain relieving drug 

(3) fatigue causing drug 

(4) fatigue relieving drug 

Answer (2)

439: Thalidomide, a nonbarbiurate sedative drug given to pregnant women, was withdrawn in 1961 because it resulted in phocomelia or 

(1) early abortion 

(2) limb defect

(3) erythroblastosis foetalis 

(4) poor development of foetus. 

Answer (2)

440: Cocaine is obtained from the leaves of 

(1) Erythroxylon cocca 

(2) Thea sinensis 

(3) Theobroma cacao 

(4) Emblica  officinalis

Answer (1)

 441: Cocoa is obtained from 

(1) leaves            (2) bark

(3) roots              (4) seeds 

Answer (4)

442: The drug ' Belladona 'is obtained from 

(1) Rauwolfia             (2) Atropa 

(3) Capsicum            (4) Solanum 

Answer (3)

 443: The drug ' Belladona ' is obtained from 

(1) Rauwolfia                (2) Atrope 

(3) Capsicum                (4) Solanum

Answer (2)

444:  Stramonium is a  drug obtained from the plant species of 

(1) Ocimum               (2) Datura

(3) Rauwolfia            (4) Asphodelus 

Answer (2)

 445: Drugs which do not develop physiological dependence are 

(1) opiates               (2) Sedatives 

(3) stimulants       (4)  Hallucinogens 

Answer (3)

 446: People addicted to opiates suffer from 

(1) Sterility, loss of weight  and interest in work

(2) loss of interest in work 

(3) loss of weight 

(4) Sterility 

Answer (1)

 447:  Which of these is a symptom of cancer in the uterus?

(1) Changes in digestive property 

(2) The growth of moles 

(3) Abnormal menstruation 

(4) Hoarseness of voice 

Answer (3)


448: Valium  produces 

(1) stimulation              (2) Sedatives affect 

(3) hallucination             (4) alertness 

Answer (2)


 449:  Alcohol and hashish can together 

(1)   impair  the judgment 

(2) increase coordination 

(3) cause brain  damage 

(4) nullify the effect of each other 

Answer (1)

450:  Which  of the following is given in the earliest phase of life? 

(1) DPT vaccination 

(2) BCG vaccination 

(3) Measles vaccination 

(4) Mumps vaccination 

Answer (1)

451:  Which is correct ?

(1) Brown sugar  is heroin 

(2) Addiction to tobacco is due to nicotine 

(3) LSD is a  hallucinogen.

(4) All of the above 

Answer (4) 

452: Meningitis a disease which is responsible for damage of the membrane of the brain, is caused by 

(1) Neisseria                   (2) Bordetella 

(3) Bacillus                        (4) Yersinia 

Answer (1)

453:  Anthrax is caused by 

(1) Vibrio                     (2) Bacillus 

(3) Salmonella          (4)  Virus 

Answer (2)

454:  The Cholera patients are provided with saline drips, Why? 

(1) NaCI is an important constituent of our blood which maintains the RBCs and helps proteins to dissolve 

(2)  Sodium hydroxide ions help to retain water in the body and selective transport  through plasma membrane

(3) Chlorine ions help in formation of HCI in the stomach 

(4) Chlorine ions are essential components of blood  plasma 

Answer (2)

455:  ' Black death' is another name for 

(1) kala  azar            (2) plague

(3) botulism               (4)  tetanus 

Answer (2) 

456:  Wayson stain test is used for susceptibility of 

(1) Cholera                (2)   tetanus 

(3)  typhoid                (4)  plague 

Answer (4) 

457: Which  of the following places in India  attached public attention due to plague outbreak in 1994?

(1) Mumbai               (2) Surat 

(3) Nasik                     (4) Jaipur 

Answer (2) 

 458:  Immunity of Diphtheria is determined by 

(1) Schick test           (2) Wassermann test 

(3) Mantoux  test       (4)  Rose_ Waaler test 

Answer (1) 


459: BCG ( bacilli calmette guerin) vaccine is a preventive measure against 

(1) Tuberculosis                (2) Typhoid 


(3) AIDS                             (4)  Cholera 

Answer (1)

460: Mantoux  test is for 

(1) scarlet fever         (2) diphtheria 

(3) rheumatoid fever   (4)  tuberculosis 

Answer (4) 

461: Among the currently used drugs for treating tuberculosis are 

(1) Erythromycin      (2)  Vancomycin 

(3) Chloramphenicol   (4) Isoniazid 

Answer (4)

462: Most cases  of  syphilis can be treated with the antibiotic

(1) gentamicin             (2)  penicillin 

(3) Chloramphenicol     (4) Chlotrimazole 

Answer (2)

463: Wassermann test is used to detect 

(1) Typhoid            (2) Syphilis 

(3)  tuberculosis   (4) Scarlet fever 

Answer (2)

464: Hutchinson's  teeth are found in the patients of 

(1)  Tuberculosis     (2) leprosy 

(3) Trachoma      (4)  Syphilis 

Answer (4)

465: Pathogen for ' French pox' is 

(1) Rubeola       (2) Varicella 

(3)  Variola       (4) Treponema 

Answer (4)

466:  Which of the following is not  a serological    test for early diagnosis of  syphilis?

(1) TPI                                     (2) VDRL 

(3) Wassermann test           (4) Widel test 

Answer (4)

467: Typhus fever is transmitted by 

(1) body louse          (2) mosquito 

(3) bud bug               (4) housefly 

Answer (1)

468:  Rickettsiae cause 

(1) Q fever             (2) trench  fever 

(3)   both  of these  (4)   none of these 

Answer (3)

469: Rochalimaea  quintana causes 

(1) Q fever         (2) Typhus fever 

(3)  trench fever        (4) yellow fever 

Answer (3)

 470:  Bacillary dysentery is due to 

(1) Entamoeba           (2) Shigella 

(3) Staphylococcus    (4) Salmonella 

Answer (2) 

471:  Which of the following diseases is not transmitted by houseflies?

(1) Typhoid           (2) Yellow fever 

(3) Dysentery      (4) Cholera 

Answer (2) 

472: In polio, the legs get paralysed and atrophied due to 

(1) obstruction of muscles 

(2) death  of some muscles 

(3) degeneration of bones 

(4) shrinkage of muscles 

Answer (2) 

473: A disease caused by one of the smallest viruses is  

(1)  Trachoma        (2) Poliomyelitis 

(3)  mumps              (4) measles 

Answer (2) 

 474: Swartz vaccine induces immunity against 

(1) Measles           (2) Mumps 

(3) rabies                (4)  AIDS 

Answer (1)

475: Mumps is a viral disease caused due to inflammation of 

(1) submaxillary   gland 

(2) parotid       gland

(3) sublingual gland 

(4) infraobital  gland

Answer (2)

476: Who got Nobel Prize in 1951  for  the development of vaccine for  yellow fever?

(1) Max Theiler      (2) Ronald Ross 

(3) Francis Peyton Rous 

(4) Max Delbruck 

Answer (1) 

 477:  What is the genetic material in influenza  virus?

(1) Double stranded DNA 

(2) Single stranded DNA 

(3) RNA 

(4) Without  nucleic acid 

Answer (3)

478: Trypanosoma causes 

(1) Kala  _ azar         (2) sleeping sickness 

(3)  malaria          (4)  trick 

Answer (2) 

 479: Vector  for kala_ azar is 

(1)  sandfly           (2)  bedbug 

(3) louse             (4)  housefly 

Answer (1) 

 480:  Malaria is a disease of the human 

(1) astrocytes             (2) connective tissues 

(3) red  blood cells  (4)  Histiocytes 

Answer (3) 


481:  Black water  fever is caused by 

(1)  Plasmodium vivax 

(2) Plasmodium malariae 

(3) Plasmodium ovale 

(4) Plasmodium falciparum 

Answer (4) 

482: Enterobius disease is caused by 

(1) filaria worm       (2)  Hookworm 

(3)  Pinworm         (4)  roundworm 

Answer (3) 

483: Pinworm is zoologically known as

(1)  Taenia solium 

(2) Enterobius vermicularis 

(3) Ascaris lumbricoides

(4)  Wuchereria bancrofti 

Answer (2) 

 484:  Microfilaria is  found in the peripheral blood of man during 

(1)   day  time     (2)  day and night time  

(3)   night time       (4)   none 

Answer (3) 

485:  Infection of Enterobius to man is by

(1) inoculation  (2)  contamination 

(3)  piercing     (4) none 

Answer (2)

486: Virus causing mumps is 

(1)  orthovirus               (2)  Paramxovirus 

(3) retrovirus                (4)  none 

Answer (2)


487: Double stranded RNA is seen in 

(1)  Parvo virus           (2) Reo virus 

(3) Retro  virus           (4) Rhabdo virus 

Answer (2)

488: Hepatitis B is caused by 

(1) RNA  virus      (2) DNA  virus 

(3) Mycoplasma    (4) Rickettsia

Answer (2) 

489:  Taenia  saginata  spreads by 

(1) cow        (2)  pig    (3)  dog   (4) cat 

Answer (1)

 490: Adenoma refers to the cancer of 

(1)  glands          (2) lymph  nodes 

(3)  blood              (4) muscles 

Answer (1)

 491:  Neoplasm is   a medical term  for 

(1) malignant  tumour 

(2)  benign   tumour 

(3) both  of these    (4)  none  of these 

Answer (3) 

492: Which  of the following scientists got  Nobel Prize in 1989 for  the studies  on the genetic basis on cancer  ?

(1) Philip Sharp  and Richard Roberts 

(2) David  Baltimore and   Howard Tamin

(3) Michael  Bishop  and Harold  varmus 

(4) Stanley  B. Prusiner 

Answer (3) 

 493: Which  of the  following plants is the source of anti__ cancer drugs ?

(1)  Chrysanthemum cinerarifolium

(2)  Catharanthus   roseus 

(3) Cinchona Camphora 

Answer (2)

494: Parkinsonism due to defective neurotransmitter in  brain  is  due  to 

(1)  serotonin           (2)  noradrenaline 

(3)  dopamine           (4)  eucalphia 

Answer (3) 

495: Which of the following classes  of drugs will induce sleep with the fewest  deviation from a physiologic sleep pattern ?

(1) Benzodiazepines 

(2) Barbiturates 

(3) Phenothiazines

(4) Butyrophenones


Answer (1) 

496: Morphine is excreted through 

(1)  saliva         (2)  perspiration 

(3) Milk           (4)   all  of these 

Answer (4) 

497: In bronchial asthma what is true ?

(1)   Aspirin can make   it worse 

(2) Salbutamol is not useful 

(3)  Epinephrine is contraindicated 

(4) Beta  blockers are treatment of choice 

Answer (1) 

498: Aspirin causes 

(1)  increase platelets adhesion 

(2) decreases platelets adhesion 

(3) increase factor X

(4)  increased  prothrombin synthesis 

Answer (2)

499:  Tea and  coffee  contain

(1) Tannin                 (2) zinc

(3)  amino acid            (4)  lactate

Answer (1) 

500  Morphine actions include all  except 

(1)  direct cardiac depression 

(2)  release  ADH 

(3)  depression of the vomiting centre

(4) depress respiratory system partly 

Answer (1)

501 :  Which  of the following may be considered as drug  abuse?

(1)  Pethidine           (2) Marijuana 

(3) Phenobarbitone     (4)  All  of these 

Answer (4) 
 
502:  The metal  used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is 

(1) copper            (2)  gold 

(3) Antimony       (4)  silver 

Answer (2)

503 :  Heroin is  different from morphine in all respects except 

(1) causes more euphoria 

(2) more constipation 

(3)  slowly metabolised to morphine 

(4) synthetic congener of morphine 

Answer (2)

504 : The most serious side effect of penicillin therapy is 

(1) CNS stimulation 

(2) Anaphylactic shock 

(3) Renal  tubular necrosis 

(4)  Fatty liver 

Answer (2)

 505 :  Which of the following drugs may cause diabetes?

(1) Steroids         (2) Diazoxide

(3)  Thiazide         (4)  All of these 

Answer (4)

506: Major site of action of insulin are all except 

(1) Muscle               (2) adipose tissue 

(3) liver                 (4) kidney 

Answer (4) 

507: Following are true of delirium except 

(1) altered sensorium     (2)  Delusion 

(3)  hallucinations          (4) depression 

Answer (4) 

 508: Which of the following is always due to inadequate metabolic support of the brain?

(1)Amesia              (2) Delirium 

(3) Dementia        (4)  Disorientation 


Answer (2) 

509:  Clonal selection theory was proposed by Burnet in 

(1)  1940        (2)  1945    (3)  1950     (4)  1957

Answer (4) 

510: The  name 'opsonin ' was  originally given by 

(1)  Wright           (2)  Burnet 

(3) Kohier              (4) Milstein 

Answer (1) 

 511: Haptens  are 

(1)  Complete antigens 

(2) Incomplete antigens 

(3) Antibodies    (4) Effector  cells 

Answer (2) 

512:  The  second abundant class of antibodies is 

(1) Ig A      (2) Ig D     (3) Ig E  (4)   Ig M

Answer (1)

513: IgE was discovered by 

(1) Muller           (2) Ishizaka

(3)  Kohler             (4)Morgan 


Answer (2) 

514:   Prunitz and  Kustner (PK) reaction is related to 

(1) Ig M    (2) IgD      (3) IgA  (4) IgE

Answer (4) 

515: Which Ig/ Igs is / are present in milk

(1) Ig A               (2) Ig A & IgG 

(3) Ig M                 (4) Ig  E

Answer (2) 

516: Pathogens reaching the alimentary canal along with food are destroyed by 

(1) Mastication         (2) Bile

(3) Digestion               (4) HCI 

Answer (4) 

517: The term ' humor' refers to 

(1) Bone marrow     (2) Plasma and lymph 

(3) Hormones            (4) All internal tissue 

Answer (2)

 518: Antibodies molecules are held together by 

(1)  Disulphide  bonds  (2) Ester bond 

(3) Glycosidic bonds  (4) All of these 

Answer (1)

519: All basic antibodies  consists of four

(1)  Chains of amino acids 

(2) Polysaccharides 

(3) ATP molecules 

(4) enzyme molecules 

Answer (1) 

520:  Typically an antibody molecule is shaped like the letter 

(1) A       (2)  P     (3) O       (4)  Y

Answer (4) 

521:  Which of the following bacteria can  grow in  alkaline pH ?

(1) Shigella               (2) Salmonella 

(3) Vibrio  cholerae   (4)  Lactobacilli

Answer (3) 

522:  Which  of the following infection is not spread by the respiratory route ?

(1) Common  cold      (2) Measles 

(3) Mumps                    (4)  Hepatitis B

Answer (4) 

523:  J chain   is present in 

(1) IgA                            (2) IgM

(3)  both of these     (4)  none of these 

Answer (3) 

524:  Who  got  Nobel Prize in 1951 for  the development of vaccine for yellow fever?

(1)  Maz  Theiler 

(2) Ronald  Ross 

(3) Francis Peyton  Rous 

(4) Max  Delbruck 

Answer (1) 

525: Most  widely accepted theory of antibody production is 

(1) Direct  template theory 

(2)  indirect template theory 

(3) side  chain theory 

(4) clonal selection theory 

Answer (4) 

 526:  Primary  lymphoid organs is/are

(1) thymus             (2) bursa of Fabricius 

(3) bone  marrow   (4) all   of these 

Answer (4) 

527: Secondary lymphoid organs is/are 

(1) lymph nodes   (2) spleen 

(3) mucosa__  associated tymphoid   tissue 

(4) all  of the above 

Answer (4) 


528:  Stem  cells arise  from 

(1)  yolk   sac             (2)  foetal  liver 

(3) bone  marrow   (4) all of these 

Answer (4) 

529:  The first line  of defence against many tumours  is 

(1)  natural killer cells  (2) polymorphs

(3) monocytes              (4)  none  of these 

Answer (1) 

530: Immunoglobulin present in sebum is 

(1)  Ig G                (2) IgM 

(3) IgA                   (4)  IgE 

Answer (3) 

 531: Antibody formation and immunity production by globulin protein is found in 

(1) Cytoplasm of RBCs 

(2) Haemoglobin of RBCs

(3) Plasma 

(4) Blood platelets 

Answer (3) 

 532:  Hole forming proteins called 'perforins' are  produced by 

(1)  Cytotoxic T cells  (2) Helper T cells 

(3) Regulatory cells    (4) All  of these 

Answer (1) 

533:  Antibiotics destroy or inhibit 

(1) Bacteria, fungi  and viruses 

(2)  Bacteria, algae  and viruses 

(3)  Bacteria and fungi 

(4) Bacteria and viruses 

Answer (3) 

534:  The treatment of snake_ bite by antivenine is  an example of 

(1) artificially acquired active immunity 

(2) artificially acquired Passive immunity 

(3) naturally acquired Passive immunity 

(4)  specific natural immunity 

Answer (2) 

535:  A person   showing unpredictable moods, outbursts of emotion, quarrelsome behaviour and conflicts with other is suffering from 

(1) Schizophrenia 

(2) Borderline personality disorder (BPD)

(3) Mood  disorders 

(4) Addictive disorders 

Answer (2)

536: Column  I lists  some disorders associated with brain. Column  II lists the causes for these disorders. Match  the two columns and identify the correct option from those given 

    Column I                        Column II

A  epilepsy               p    degeneration of neur_                                          ons in the cerbral                                                  cortex

B  Alzheimer's         q    irregular electrical 
    disease                      discharge in the 
                                         neurons 

C  Parkinson's          r    decreased production 
   disease                      of  acetylcholine 

D  Huntington's    s     regeneration of 
    disease                  dopamine releasing                                              neurons    
                           t      formation of blood  clots 
                                in  the brain. 

(1) A = t,  B=s, C= r, D= p

(2) A= q, B= r, C= p, D= s

(3) A= q,  B= r, C= s, D= p

(4)A= q, B= s, C= r, D= p


Answer (3) 
 
537: The accumulation of protein called amyloid ß_ peptide in   human brain causes 

(1) Addison's disease 

(2)  Huntington's disease 

(3) Alzheimer's disease 

(4) Parkinson's disease 

Answer (3) 

 538:  Memory cells are stored in 

(1) lymph nodes         (2) lymph 

(3) both (1) and (2)    (4) None  of these 

Answer (1) 

539:  Column  I lists   the components of body defense and column II lists the corresponding descriptions.Match  the two colums. Choose the correct  option those given .

     Column  I                      Column II

A  active natural      p  injection of gamma           immunity                globulins

B  first line of          q  complement proteins               defence             and interferons 

C  Passive natural   r  direct contact with the       immunity              pathogens that have                                          entered inside 

D second line of      s    surface barriers 
   defense 
              .                     t  antibodies transferred                                            through the placenta 

(1) A=s, B= r,  C= t, D= q

(2)  A= r, B=s, C= q, D= t

(3) A= r, B= s, C= t, D= q

(4)  A= t, B= r, C= q, D= p

Answer (3) 

540: 'Mammalian thymus ' is mainly concerned with 

(1) regulation of body temperature 

(2) regulation of body  growth 

(3) immunological functions 

(4) secretion of thyrotropin

Answer (3) 

 541:Which of the following vaccines are injected to babies at the age of 1½, 2½ and 3½ months ?

(1) DTP_ Hib  and Polio 

(2) Polio  and BCG

(3) BCG  and DTP _ Hib 

(4) BCG  and  Hepatitis B

(5) Polio and  hepatitis B

Answer (1) 

542: Which one of the following statements is false? 

(1) Psychoactive drugs have the ability to alter the activity of the nervous system 

(2) Adolescence is marked by  accelerated physical growth, development of reproductive organs and changes in functing of the neuroendocrine system 

(3)  Hallucinogens can alter a person's thoughts, feelings and perceptions 

(4) Mescaline is a stimulant 

(5) Depression is a mood disorder characterized by hopelessness, sadness, decline in interest, energy, concentration and changes in sleep pattern and appetite 


Answer (4) 

 543: If you suspect major deficiency of antibodies in  a person, to which  of the following would you look for confirmatory evidence?

(1) Serum globulins 

(2) Fibrinogen in the plasma 

(3) Haemocytes 

(4) Serum  albumins

Answer (1) 

 544:  Increased asthmatics attacks in certain seasons are related to 

(1) eating fruits preserved in tin containers 

(2) inhalation of seasonal pollen 

(3) low temperature 

(4) hot and humid environment 

Answer (2) 

545:  Assertion (A) Cancer is a contagious and cells can spread from one person to another. Reason (R) Cancerous cells are highly differentiated cells

(1) Both A and R are true and R is not correct explanation of A 

(2) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of  A

(3) A is true but R is false 

(4) Both A and R are false 


Answer (4) 

546:  Ozone is spread in  the  swimming pool because 

(1) it   acts as disinfectant

(2) to absorb uv  radiations 

(3) to form O2 is Pool 

(4) all of the above 

Answer (1) 

547:  Wuchereria is found in 

(1) lymph nodes   (2) lungs 

(3) eye muscles   (4)  gonads 

Answer(1) 

548:  Carrier of E. Histolytica is 

(1) mosquito ( Anopheles) 

(2) house  fly ( Musca) 

(3) Cattle 

(4) healthy human host 

Answer (4) 

549:  Antibodies are produced by 

(1) T_ cells            (2) monocytes 

(3) B_ cells             (4)  Phagocytes 

Answer (3) 

550:  Which substance when introduced into the human body produces antibody?

(1) histamine                   (2) antibody 

(3) both (1)   and (2)     (4)  antigen 

Answer (4) 

551:  Which of the following is the unit of immune system  ?

(1) lymphocyte         (2) parasite 

(3) erythrocyte      (4) chondrocyte

Answer (1) 

552:  Which  of the following is the unit of immune  system?

(1) IgM              (2) IgE

(3) Ig D               (4) IgA

Answer(2) 

553:  Match the following (More than one option may   be there )

Column I                    Column II 

(a) Epitope            1. site of antigen 

(b) Constant       2. Antigenic  determinant
region of                        site
antibody 
                           3. Variable region of antibody 
                      
                        4. Mediates  effector  mech_                                  anisms  of antibody       
         
                        5. Differ  in different class of 
                        antibody 

                      6. Made up of only polypeptide 
                     antibody 

                   7. Antigen binding site 

                  8. Site  of antibody 

(1) (a) 2,3,(b) 1,6,7

(2) (a) 1,2, (b) 3, 6, 7

(3) (a) _1 ,(b) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

(4) (a) 1, 8, (b) 2,3, 6

Answer (1) 

MCQ Science and technology #4






 





















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