5G open radio access network (RAN)




 5G OPEN RADIO ACCESS NETWORK ( RAN) 



centre for Development of Telematics (C_DOT),WiSig Network Private Limited and VVDN Technologies Private Limated have signed an agreement for developing 5G Open RAN and other products together.

 ■ Collaboration aims to leverage the complementary strengths of Telecom R&D and industry to accelerate the indigenous design, development & development of end _ to _ end 5G solutions. 

● RAN provides the critical technology to connect users to the mobile network over radio waves.It also acts as a bridge to access all key applications on the web.

 ■Current RAN technology is provided as an integrated platform of both hardware and software. 

 ■Therefore, it is difficult to mix vendors for its different units, and in most cases, they come from the same supplier.

 ●Idea of Open RAN is to enable operators to mix and match components from different vendors.

 ■ Open RAN will create a multi_ supplier RAN solution that allows for the separate between hardware and software with open interface .

BENEFITS OF OPEN RAN




Open Ran

●Intelligent and programmable networks.

● Lower total cost of ownership ( TCO) 
● Automation and manageability 
● Data center economics to radio network 
● Vendor diversity. 
● Agility of innovation. 
● Faster time to market

WEB 5.O 



● Former Twitter CEO recently announced his vision for Web 5.0 that is aimed at " building an extra decentralized web that puts you in control of your data and identity ".
■Web 5.0 will see application able to interpret information on more complex levels, emotionally as well as logically.

● World Wide Web is the primary tool used by billions of people to share, read, and write information to interact with other people via internet 

About different Web versions 

■ Web 1.0 is ofter referred to as the " read _ only " Internet made of static web _ pages that only allowed for passive engagement.

 ■ Web 2.0 ( or read and write internet) made the internet a lot more interactive. Users were now able to communicate with servers and other users leading to the creation of the social web.

 ■ Web 3.0 ( a " read _ write _ execute" web) , built Leveraging the blockchain ( AI) and machine learning where machines will be able to interpret information like humans. 

■ Web 4.0 services will be autonomous, proactive, self_ learning, collaborative, and content generating agents. Fully mature semantic ( logical) and reasoning technologies, as well as AI are the foundation. 

LIQUID _ MIRROR TELESCOPE (LMT)







● ♥️LMT, India's first and Asia's largest liquid_ mirror telescope, is commissioned at the Devasthal Observatory of Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Science ( ARIES) in Nainital ( Uttarakhand).

■ ♦️ARIES is an autonomous institute under Department of Science and Technology .

♥️ LMT will observe asteroids, supernovae, space debris and all other celestial objects. 

♥️ Built by astronomers from India, Belgium and Canada, LMT employs a rotating mirror maden up of a thin film of liquid mercury ( a reflective liquid ) to collect and focus light. 

♦️LMT, having a primary  mirror that is liquid, cannot be turned and pointed in any direction and watches the sky as the Earth rotates. 

FAST RADIO BURSTS ( FRBS)

♥️Astronomers have reported a FRB whose characteristics are different from almost all other FRBs previously detected. 

♦️First FRB was discovered in 2007. 

♥️FRBs are bright bursts of radio waves whose durations lie in the millisecond_ scale, because of which it is difficult to detect them and determine their position in the sky.

♦️Radio waves can be produced by astronomical objects with changing magnetic fields. 

♦️Origins of FRBs are unknown, and their appearance is unpredictable.

ARTEMIS ACCORDS

●♥️ France is set to sign a U.S. _ led multilateral agreement called the Artemis Accords. 

♦️The program aims to return humans to the moon's surface by 2025 with the help of U.S. allies and private companies .

 ♥️ The accords are built on broader principles of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. 

♦️ It includes an array of principles designed to promote peaceful uses of space, from establishing safety zones around future moon based to Sharing scientific data with other countries.  

♥️ The United Kingdom,Japan, and Canada have signed the accords, with France set to become the 7th European state. 













































































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