AUKUS (US, UK and Australia)



AUKUS (US, UK and Australia)

AUKUS (US, UK and Australia) unveiled details of plan to create a new fleet of nuclear-powered submarines.Announced in 2021, it is a new three-way strategic defence alliance between Australia, the UK and US.





● It aims to boost defense capabilities, accelerate technological integration, and expand the industrial capacity of all three nation. 
●AUKUS partnership is composed of two pillars (See infographics).
●For facilitating sharing of critical technology, a legally binding tripartite agreement known as the Exchange of 
Naval Nuclear Propulsion Information Agreement (ENNPIA)was signed in 2021.

Implications of AUKUS:

● Shifting US Priorities in Asia: US 
withdrawal from Afghanistan caused 
US a loss of credibility regarding its 
role in regional security. Thereafter, 
AUKUS is seen as US’s strong commitment to security of Indo-Pacific region. 
● Re-establish UK’s strategic footprint: After UK abandoned its security responsibilities East of Suez in late 1960s, it had become marginal to Asian security all these decades. 
AUKUS will renew its claim for a long-term role in Indo-Pacific security.
●Strategic implication for Indo-Pacific: 
By strengthening the defence capabilities of Australia, AUKUS aims to achieve the vision of free, open, resilient and inclusive Indo-Pacific.
●Model for similar collaboration: This 
template may be used to build the defence capabilities of other nations in the region. It would go a long way to contain the Chinese expansionist policyand thereby bring stability and peace in the region.
●Others:
■AUKUS promotes deeper information and technology sharing fostering deeper  integration of security and defence-related
science, technology, industrial bases, and supply chains.
■AUKUS has reinvigorated the idea of an “Anglosphere” that speaks of the enduring geopolitical bonds between the US, UK, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand.
■Along with QUAD, Five Eyes and ANZUS, AUKUS can be viewed yet another indicator of the primacy of the US–Australia Strategic Depth across the Indo-Pacific.


Concerns related to AUKUS:

● Lack of clarity: There is a lack of clarity about AUKUS’s strategic purpose and how AUKUS narrative would be rolled out to allies, partners, and adversaries.


■ All three countries say that AUKUS will stabilise the Indo-Pacific, but none of them has yet explained how it will do that.
●Undermines Nuclear non-proliferation: AUKUS requires Australia to become the first non-nuclear weapons state to remove material from the inspection of the  International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Critics argue that AUKUS undermines the spirit and objectives of the Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
● Opposition by China: Experts have raised concerns that it may provoke China to act more aggressively in disputed areas like the South China Sea and the East China Sea. 
■ China and Russia have made a concerted effort to undermine AUKUS in international bodies. 
● Widened divide in trans-Atlantic relationship: AUKUS has also widened the divide in the trans-Atlantic relationship between the US and Europe. 
■ Secrecy surrounding the AUKUS negotiations have raised concerns about legitimacy of US alliance systems in Europe.

■ Australia had scrapped a diesel-powered submarine agreement with France in favour of AUKUS, undermining strategic partnership between France and Australia.
● Intelligent sharing and sovereignty concerns: Australian critics have questioned whether their country is ceding too 
much sovereignty given that their most powerful military tool is deeply embedded in an alliance structure.

Conclusion:

AUKUS is progressing, but there’s a long way to go. There is a need to give clarity  regarding specific objectives AUKUS 
partners seek to achieve across vastly different technology sectors. AUKUS’s potential to tangibly impact the Indo-Pacific 
geopolitical discourse can perhaps only be seen in the long term.

India and AUKUS

Significance

● Complements the Quad in geostrategic arena: It can be a game changer alliance for Quad as well by increasing the cumulative 
capacity of Quad to deal with China as a common threat. Leveraging AUKUS would strengthen Quad to keep the Indo-Pacific 
region free, open and inclusive.
●Strategic collaboration with France: It also provides a window of opportunity for strategic collaboration with France and 
deepening trust with European nations.
Concerns
● Erosion of India’s regional influence: There is a concern over possibility of erosion of India’s regional pre-eminence in Eastern 
Indian Ocean with the crowding of nuclear attack submarines in the future. 
● May Increase Chinese aggressiveness: AUKUS could push China into assuming a more adventurous posture by deploying more warships and submarines in the Eastern Indian Ocean. Critics argue that AUKUS could push India-China maritime dynamics into a negative spiral.
■ It also does not mitigate the strategic threat India faces in the Himalayas.
● May shift balance of power in Indo-pacific: As AUKUS partners expand cooperation in advanced capabilities, balance of power in the Indo-Pacific could shift in ways that India has not entirely accounted for.
● Impact on Quad: Critics argue that AUKUS diminishes the value and usefulness of the Quad.


























































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