Indian space policy _ 2023

Why in Indian space pOLICY new?

Recently, Indian Space Policy-2023 was approved  by the Government.

More on news

 ●The Space policy underlines the growing importance  of Private Sector participation in Space.

• Government of India had started reforms in space domain in 2020, opening the doors for enhanced  participation of Space 

■Non_ Government Entities (NGEs) with an aims to provide them a level playing  field.

● Subsequently, Government sought to provide regulatory  certainty to space activities by various stakeholders. 

●  Indian Space Policy – 2023 has thus been formulated as an overarching, composite and dynamic framework to implement this reform vision.

Strategy outlined in the policy

Stakeholder                Role                        


■ Government 


 ●Encouraging advanced Research & Development.

●Stable and predictable regulatory framework to provide a level playing field to NGEs through IN-SPACe.

●Promoting and support to start-ups.

● Using space as a driver for overall technology development.

■ Non_ Government Entities (NGEs) 


● Offer national and international space-based communication services.

● Establish and operate 

■ Ground facilities for space objects operations, e.g. Satellite Control Centres (SCCs).

■ Remote sensing satellite systems.

● Use Orbital Resources to establish space objects for communication services over India and outside India.

● Commercialise technologies for enhancing and augmenting the satellite navigation, communication and 

● Engage in the commercial recovery of an asteroid resource or a space resource.

■ Department of Space (DOS) 


●Nodal department for implementation of the Indian Space Policy-2023.

●Ensure availability of continuous & improved earth observation capability and data to fulfil the national requirements.

●Participate in international efforts by providing critical remote sensing satellite data for disaster management, for sustainable development goals etc.

●Establish framework to ensure safe and sustainable space operations, in compliance with relevant international space debris mitigation guidelines.

■ Indian Space Research Organisation 


● Role under policy

■Focus primarily on research and development of new space technologies 
and applications.

■ Expanding the human understanding
of outer space

■ Share technologies, products, processes and best practices with NGEs

■ Enable open data access from remote sensing satellites of ISRO.

■Demonstrate human spaceflight capability and develop a long term road-map for sustained human presence in space.

■IN_ SPACe Indian National  Space promotion & Authorisation centre 


● Act as the single  window  agency  for the authorisation of  space activities  by govt entities and NGEs.

● Work with  industry to establish  India as a preferred service provider at global level.

 ●Ensure a level playing field for the utilization  of all facilities created using public expenditure. Decisions of INSPACe shall be binding  on the operators of such facilities.

● Facilitate the transfer of technologies developed  by ISRO.

• Prescribe guidelines  regarding liability of potential damages due to the space activities.

■ New Space India Limited  (NSIL) 


● Responsible for commercialising space technologies and platforms created through public expenditure.

●The operational part of ISRO's missions will be moved to the NSIL.

●Service the space-based needs of users.

Significance of Private participation in Space

●Focus on R&D: This approach allows ISRO to concentrate on cutting-edge research and development, exploration missions and human spaceflight programme.

● Shify from supply driven model to demand drive model: 
Almost every sector, starting from agriculture to transport, weather department and even urban development, now wants satellite data and space technology.

■Entry of the private sector into end-to-end space activities enables to meet the new demands in these areas.

●Rapidly rising space industry: The Indian space sector is projected to increase at a ~48% CAGR over the next five years to reach US$ 50 billion. 

● Enhance share in global space economy: Currently, India accounts for only about two per cent of the space economy, much behind the major players - the US and China.

● Diversify space activities to new areas: In the global space market, rocket and satellite launch services—an area in which ISRO specialises—amount to only 5% share. Satellite-based services and ground-based systems account for the remaining 95%.

●Innovation and Indigenisation: 
Focus on public-private partnerships, technology transfer enables sharing of 
resources, knowledge, and expertise between the public and private sectors.

●Promote Make in India: With active private participation, India can aspire to become a satellite manufacturing hub and alaunchpad for the world ranging from the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle to the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle.

 Private sector participation in Space sector: Current status 

● There are around 100 start-ups registered with the ISRO and are working closely 
in “various domains of the space sector. 

●India had more than 350 space tech companies in 2021.

● In 2022, Vikram-S, India’s first privately built rocket was launched under Mission 
Prarambh’. It was developed by Hyderabad-based Skyroot Aerospace.

● PSLV Production: NSIL and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) exchanged the 
MOU for producing PSLVs. L&T is partnering with HAL in the consortium.

Other measures  private participation in space 

Apart from NSIL and IN _ SPACe, other institutions include;

● Indian Space Association (ISpA): Launched in 2021, it is the apex, non-profit industry body exclusively working towards successful exploration, collaboration, and development of private and public Space Industry inIndia.

■ It will undertake Policy Advocacy, Engage and Operate with all Stakeholders and act as a catalyst for accelerating the exchange of knowledge, technology  of space-related domains.

● Antrix Corporation Limited: Incorporated as a marketing arm of ISRO. It handles 
ISRO’s commercial deals for satellites and launch vehicles with foreign  customers.

●Space Entrepreneurship & Enterprise Development (SEED): Conceived as a 
competitive early-stage encouragement programme to startups and MSMEs in 
focus areas of interest to ISRO.


Indian Space Policy 2023 sets the stage for a bold and ambitious future for India’s space sector, opening the door to innovation, 
collaboration, and international cooperation. However, it is essential to recognise that the global space landscape is not static but constantly evolving. India must embrace adaptability and strategic foresight to keep pace with these rapid change.


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