Cloud Technology based services, M_ GOV,




❤ Cloud Technology based services 

● Cloud Computing is a technology that uses the internet and Central remote servers to maintain data and applications.

● Cloud computing allows consumers and businesses to use applications without installation and access their personal files at any computer with internet access.

● This technology allows for much efficient computing by centralizing data storage,  processing and bandwidth. 

● Network _ based data collection and analysis required the use of a computer to not only host the data, but to handle traffic through a server company owned or one leased from a service provider. 


● Cloud computing leverages the power of the internet to eliminate the need for the purchase, installation and maintenance of independent data centers and networks. 







Types of cloud Services 

Software as a Service ( SeeS)

● This is the most common form of cloud services. Software is provided to support the service on a fee basis.Users can access the software and configure it to their needs.

Platform as a Service ( PeeS)

● This service offers users a platform to build, test, or host applications that can be accessed by other users. Users don't need to build or host their own platforms.  Companies that use PaaS can, in turn, offer SaaS services to their customers. 

Infrastructure as a Service ( IaaS) 

● This is infrastructure on demand and can be anything from storage services to applications to operating systems. The cloud service provider sets up and maintains the infrastructure and charges a pay per use fee.













❤M.Gov.






It is the extension of e_ Government to mobile platforms, as well as the strategic use of government services and applications which are only possible using cellular/ mobile telephones, laptop computers, personal digital assistants ( PDAs) and wireless internet infrastructure. 

It is now evolving on four dimensions: 

● Transforming e_ Government services directly to the mobile platform. 

● providing access to mobile technologies and application for the field workers of the public sector 

● Enabling smart / flex working and 
  
● providing citizen services any time, any where






Benefits of mGovernment 

● Cost reduction 

● Efficiency 

● Transformation/ modernization of public sector organizations. 

● Added convenience and flexibility 

● Better services to the citizens 

● Ability to reach a large number of people through mobile devices than would be possible using wired internet only.


Main measures laid down by Department of information Technology ( DoIT) 

● Web sites of all Government Departments and Agencies shall be made mobile _ complaint, using the " One Web" approach. 

● Open standards shall be adopted for mobile applications for ensuring the inter operability of applications across various operating systems  and devices as per the Government policy on Open Standards for e_ Governance.

● Uniform/ single pre_ designated numbers ( long and short codes) shall be used for mobile _ based services to ensure convenience. 

● All Government Departments and Agencies shall develop and deploy mobile applications for providing all their public services through mobile devices to the extent feasible on the mobile platform. They shall also specify the service levels for such services. 


To ensure adoption and implementation of the framework in time bound manner the government will develop Mobile Service Delivery Gateway ( MSDG) that is the core infrastructure for enabling the availability of public services in through mobile devices. 

Issues with mGovernment


● wireless and mobile networks and related infrastructure, as well as software, must be developed 

● To increase citizen participation and provide citizen _ oriented services,  governments need to offer easy access to mGovernment information in alternative forms 

● Mobile phone numbers and mobile devices are relatively easily hacked and wireless networks are vulnerable because they use public airwaves to send signals 

● Adopted legislation for data and information practices that spell out the rights of citizens and the responsibilities of the data holders  ( government)

Suggestions for mGovernment Development 


● perfecting mGovernment relevant laws, regulations and standards 

● Establishing the information security system of mGovernment 

● Rebuilding and optimizing the administrative business processes 

● Strengthening the evaluation of eGovernment






❤ NATIONAL POLICY ON ELECTRONICS 2012






● The National Policy on Electronics aims to address the issue with the explicit goal of transforming India into a premier Electronic system and Design and Manufacturing ( ESDM) hub.

● The policy is expected to create an indigenous manufacturing eco_ system for electronics in the country. 

● It will foster the manufacturing of indigenously designed and manufactured chips creating a more cyber secure ecosystem in the country. 

● It will enable India to tap the great economic potential that this knowledge sector offers.

The increased development and manufacturing in the sector will lead to greater economic growth through more manufacturing and consequently greater employment in the sector.

The key objectives of the policy: 

● To create an eco _ system for a globally competitive Electronic System Design and Manufacturing ( ESDM) sector in the country. 

● To build on the emerging chip design and embedded software industry to achieve global leadership in Very Large Scale Integration ( VLSI), chip design and other frontier technical areas.

● To build a strong supply chain of raw materials, parts and electronic components. 

● To increase the export in ESDM sector.

● To significantly enhance availability of skilled manpower in the ESDM sector.

● To create an institutional mechanism for developing and mandating standards and certification for electronic products and services to strengthen quality assessment infrastructure nationwide. 

● To develop an appropriate security ecosystem in ESDM.

● To create along _ term partnerships between ESDM and strategic and core infrastructure sectors __ Defence, Atomic Engergy, Space, Railways, Power, Telecommunications, etc.

●To become a global leader in creating Intellectual Property( IP) in the ESDM sector by increasing fund flow for R&D, Seed capital and venture capital for start _ ups in the ESDM and nano electronics sectors.

● To develop core competencies in strategic and core infrastructure sectors like telecommunications, automotive, avionics, industrial, medical, solar, Information and Broadcasting, Railways, etc through use of ESDM in these sectors. 

● To use technology to develop electronic products catering to domestic needs, including rural needs and conditions, as well as international needs at affordable price points.

● To become a global leader in the Electronic Manufacturing Services ( EMS) segment by promoting progressive higher value addition in manufacturing and product development. 

● To expedite adoption a best practices in e_ waste management. 

● To source, stockpile and promote indigenous exploration and mining of rare earth metals required for manufacturing of electronic components. 






Strategy

To achieve these objectives, the policy proposes the following strategies:

● Creating eco_ system for globally competitive ESDM sector.

● Promotion of Exports.

● Human Resource Development. 

● Developing and mandating standards to curb inflow of sub_ standard and unsafe electronic products. 

● Create a complete secure cyber eco_ system in the country,  through suitable design and development of indigenous appropriate products through frontier technical/ product oriented research,  testing and validation of security of products. 

● Creating long _ term partnerships between domestic ESDM industry and strategic sectors for sourcing products domestically.

● Providing Defense Offset obligation for electronic procurement through ESDM products.

● Creation  ecosystem for vibrant innovation and R& D in the ESDM sector including nanoelectronics.

●Creation of an Electronic Development Fund.

●  Supporting and developing expertise in the electronics in other sectors of economy: automotive,  Industrial, medical, solar photovoltaics, Information and Broadcasting,  Railways etc.

● The strategy includes various initiatives to facilitate environment friendly e _ waste handing polices.


❤ DECADE OF INNOVATION 

The Government of India has declared 2010_ 2020 as the ' Decade of Innovation '.

To discuss, analyze and help implement strategies for inclusive innovation in India and prepare a Roadmap for Innovation in the country, the Prime Minister has constituted the National Innovation Council ( NIC) September 2010 with members from diverse fields.

Ministry of Communications and IT has taken a number of initiatives to promote an ecosystem for innovation through ICT, in various sectors of the economy. 

Two Key initiatives: 

The Triad of polices

Three, interdependent and synergistic policies for Telecom, IT and Electronics Manufacturing have been released after consulting all stakeholders. 

The three policies together drives the National agenda for ICTE.

The principal objectives of this policy are:

● Optimally leverage our existing and developing ICT infrastructure and capabilities to meet our growing need for high quality social services like development,  welfare programs,  e_ governance services as well as for banking and insurance. 

● To use the ICTE capabilities to enhance competitiveness and efficiency in manufacturing across the board and in key infrastructure sectors like power, transport and aviation  

● Leveraging the mushrooming demand for ICTE products and services to foster innovation, encourage R&D through academic institutions and industry. 

● To reposition the mobile phone from a mere communication device to an instrument of empowerment which combines communication with proof of identity,  full secure financial and other transaction capability,  multi_ lingual services and the like.

● The Triad of polices has extensive programs for R&D, IPR creation and financing of innovation projects Telecom, Information Technology and Electronics Manufacturing sectors 

 

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