Bharat 6G Mission technology




 Bharat 6G Mission technology:

 Why in Bharat 6G Mission ?


Recently, India released “Bharat 6G Vision” document which research  eyes 6G services rollout by  2030 and  and launched the 6G
resources and development test bed.

About 6G:

● 6G network is the successor of 5G which offers ultra _ low latency with speeds up to 1 Tbps and operate by using higher end of radio spectrum. 

● 6G enhance solutions based on Al and machine learning, extreme connectivity needs.







About the Bharat 6G Vision: 


 • Bharat 6G vision document is prepared by 6G) the Technology Innovation Group on 6G (TIG that was constituted in 2021 by Department of Telecommunications (DoT) under Ministry of Communications. 

■.  TIG6G has members from various Ministries/Departments , research and development institutions, academia, standardization bodies, Telecom Service Providers and industry to develop a roadmap and action plans for 6G in India. 




■ Vision document which aims to design, develop and deploy 6G netwo intelligent and secure connectivity  rk technologies that provide ubiquitous for high quality living experience for the world. 

■ India will launch a 6G Mission that holistically combines all associated technologies financial backup. 


Bharat 6G Mission will be divided into two phases.


● Phase 1 ( 2023_ 2025):

 The ideation phase to understand the inherent potential and risk associated with the pathways ahead and test proof-ofconcept implementations. 

●  Phase 2 (2025-2030): ● phase 2 ( 2025 _ 2030):

Dedicated to conceptualizing and delivering potential technology solutions to serve India and the global community.  



■ An apex body is to be constituted to oversee the Mission and approve the budget for the Mission split into two phases and lay down the Phase-wise objectives.

 ■ It will oversee the project, focusing on standardisation, identification of spectrum for 6G, creating an ecosystem for devices and systems, determining finances for R&D, etc. 

■  Key focus will be on new technologies such as Terahertz (THz) communication, radio interfaces, tactile internet, artificial intelligence for connected intelligence, new encoding methods and waveforms chipsets for 6G devices. 

Recommendations of taskforce to enable Bharat 6G


  ■innovative funding mechanisms:To support industry, start-ups, academia, and national laboratories to undertake R&D. 

solutions through startups: To address key verticals such as transport, water, power grid and renewables, healthcare, education, digital twins and smart cities. 

Shared use of spectrum:Particularly in the higher frequency bands where the propagation is more akin to that of light. 

Rationalisation of congested Spectrum bands: Adoption of captive networks for Industry 4.0 and enterprise use cases in hitherto less used bands. 

participation and contribution to glob standards forums: To ensure interoperability and global reach of our innovation. 

■  Fiber _ broadband:To every home and integrated dense wireless and optical network, with wireless communications primarily serving mobile users. 


New multi_ sensor man _ machine interfaces and devices: Leveraging edge cloud computing resources and AI to deliver tactile Internet, ambience awareness and realistic 3D experiences.
 
■  Others: Space _ Terrestrial Integration  for ubiquitous coverage; combined communication and sensing in (Sub-) Terahertz bands.

 Significance of 6G technology  



■  Better connectivity :6G will play an important role in filling the gap in the provisioning of eservices for urban and rural populations.  

■ It will help in the achievement of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and contribute tremendously towards improving the quality and opportunities of life. 

 ■ Economic development:6G will significantly reduce differences in regional and social infrastructure and availability of economic opportunities.

 ■ It will thereby provide alternatives to rural exodus, mass urbanization, and its related problems. 

 Technological Advancements: 6G will include non-terrestrial networks (NTNs), which is a key development that enables conventional 2D network architectures to function in 3D space. 

 ■ Low Altitude Platforms (LAPs), High Altitude Platforms (HAPs), Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), and satellites are examples NTNs.

  ● Fields of Applications : 

■ The diverse applications of 6G technology will benefit various sectors across industries. 

 push for industries: 6G for industries will have the biggest use cases in terms of pushing Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0.



 Challenges associated with 6G technology


 •■  low investment on R& D:According to Economic Survey 2021-22, India spent just 0.7% of its GDP on R&D in 2020, compared to 2.4% in China and 2.3% in the EU. 

● Brain Drain: Although India produces 1.5 million engineering graduates each year, 48% remain unemployed, leading to the highest rate of economic migration in the world, reports the UN World Migration Report 2022. 

● Terahertz ( THz) communication:THz signal attenuates considerably in the air, restricting the transmission range and making it easily blocked by obstructions. 

 ●  Also, it is estimated that the terahertz in 6G era will have the same problems as the millimeter wave today:  
☆ Weak capability of covering,  
☆High cost of deploying network, 
 ☆The premature ecosystem of terminals. 

  ●Ensuring Sustainability:While 6G promises growth, it will simultaneously have to be balanced with sustainability as 6G devices can have a significant carbon footprint.

  Conclusion 


Though 6G networks is still non-existent but vision document ensures that India takes its rightful place in the world as a leading supplier of advanced telecom technologies and solutions that are affordable and contribute to the global good.


























































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