Indigenization of technology and developing new technology



 2. NATIONAL ELECTRIC MOBILITY MISSION PLAN 2020

● The principal end objective of the National Mission for Electric Mobility ( NMEM) are National energy security, mitigation of the adverse impact of vehicles on the environment and growth of domestic manufacturing capabilities. 

● The NEMMP 2020 is a detailed plan based on an in__ depth primary data study conducted jointly by government, automotive industry and academic/ research institutes.
 ● The NEMMP is vital for reducing our dependence on fossil fuels, 80% of which is imported leading to massive for foreign exchange deficit.

Target

● To put 6_ 7 million electric vehicles ( EVs) on road by 2020; 4__ 5 million are expected to be two__ wheelers. 
● Reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
● To promote cleaner technologies. 

Why is it important?

● India's excessive appetite for fossil fuel has an adverse impact on the environment and even on our foreign exchange reserves. 
● Successful implementation of NEMMP will result in 2.2 __ 2.5 million tonnes of fossil fuel savings by 2020, that's a monetary saving of RS 30, 000 crore.
● It will also lower vehicles emissions and decrease carbon di__ oxide emissions by 1.3% to 1.5% by 2020.
● The production of hybrid and electric vehicles in India is an investment that will deliver economic growth, quality jobs and a cleaner future. 

How will we do ti?

● Both the government and the automotive industry will jointly invest Rs 23, 000 crores to develop the EV eco _ System in India. 
● The government will invest close to Rs 14, 000 crores over the next 5__ 6 years.  The automakers will invest close to Rs 8, 000 crores.
● India will deploy support measures that will quicken up the process of consumer acceptance of EVs. 

Who is helping us? 

● Germany is going to help India achieve its target and we couldn't have found a better partner. 
● The Germans are a strong supporters of electric mobility. Currently, Germany has about 1, 500 EVs  operating on German roads. By 2020, Germany aims to put at least one million electric vehicles on their roads. Thanks to these efforts, German cities are among the greenest in Europe.
● An Indo__ German Joint Working Group ( JWG) on Automotive Sector has been established to intensify cooperation in the development of efficient automotive technologies and alternate fuels and drive.

The Challenge ahead

● India's electric auto industry is really very small. The only manufacturer in India that produces EV is Mahindra REVA. There are a few makers in the two wheeler segment. 
● The biggest challenge to the manufacturers is to convince as Indian consumer to pay a premium to go electric.
● On the other hand, the biggest challenge to the government will be to provide the necessary infrastructure to support EVs like charging stations that are spread across the country.

3. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION POLICY (STI)2013

● Government unveiled the Science, Technology and Innovation policy ( STI) 2013.
● The STI Policy seeks to the Indian scientific community, both in the private and public domain, that science, technology and innovation should focus on faster, sustainable and inclusive development of the people.
● It aims to bring all the benefits of Science, Technology & Innovation to the national development and sustainable and more inclusive growth. 
● It seeks the right sizing of the gross expenditure on research and development by encouraging and incentivizing private sector participation in R& D, technology and innovation activities.
● The policy also seeks to trigger an ecosystem for innovative abilities to flourish by leveraging partnerships among diverse stakeholders and by encouraging and facilitating enterprises to invest innovations.
● It also seeks to bring in mechanisms for achieving gender parity in STI activities and gaining global competitiveness in select technological areas through international cooperation and alliances. 
● The policy goal is to accelerate the pace of discovery, diffusion and delivery of science led solutions for serving the aspirational goals of India for faster, sustainable and inclusive growth.
● A Strong and viable Science, Research and Innovation system for Higj Technology led path for India( SRISHTI) are the goal for the STI policy. 

The key features of the STI policy 2013

● Promoting the spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of society. 
●Enhancing skills for applications of science among the Young from all social sectors. 

● Making careers in science, research and innovation attractive enough for talented and bright minds.

● Establishing world class infrastructure for R & D for gaining global leadership in some select frontier areas of science. 

● Positioning India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020.

● Linking contributions of Science Research and innovation system with the inclusive economic growth agenda and combining priorities of excellence and relevance. 

● Creating an environment for enhance private sector participation in R& D.

● Enabling conversion of R& D output with societal and commercial applications by replicating hitherto successful models, as well as establishing of new PPP structures. 

● Seeking S& T based high risk innovation through new mechanisms. 

● Fostering resource optimized cost _ effective innovation across size and technology domains.
● Triggering in the mindset & Value systems to recognize respect and reward performance which create wealth from S& T derived knowledge. 
● Creating a robust national innovation system. 


4.NATIONAL CYBER SECURITY POLICY 

●The Union Government of India approved a National Cyber Security Policy with the objective to create a secured computing atmosphere across the country. 

Aim:

● Capacity _ building to bolster the existing set_ up and increase the focus on manpower training. 
● Augmentation of the India's indigenous capabilities in terms of developing the cyber security set __ up.
● Provide a broad coverage by including home as well as small users, medium and large enterprises and government and non_ government entities. 
● To create cyber security frameworks to address all related issues pending over a long period. 
● To enhance the security posture of nation's cyber space via specific actions and programmes. 
● To enhance the intelligence as its integral component and help in anticipating attacks and adopt, countermeasures. 

























































Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Proteins

Cytoplasm

Nucleic Acids